3 gasoline engine car parts could revolutionize the electric car industry by eliminating the need to charge or recharge

92 years ago Nikola Tesla removed the gasoline motor from a 1931 Pierce Arrow and replaced it with a brushless AC electric motor and drove the electric motor powered car at speeds of up to 90 mph. Since then it has been a mystery as to how he was able to power the Pierce Arrow using a 6 foot aerial antenna connected to a very small circuit box, 24 inches long, 12 inches wide and 6 inches high.

Unlike today’s electric cars there were no very expensive battery banks used. There was just one 12 volt Willard battery. The tune-up manual for the Pierce Arrow stated that the Pierce Arrow battery was a Willard Type WJ 4-15. Capacity – 128 Amp hour (20 hr. rate).

For decades inventors and scientists have been trying to figure out what that mystery box was. Solving that mystery can revolutionize the solar, wind and electric car industry. What they were concentrating on, in their research, was a complicated solution, whereas the solutions was staring them in the face every time they looked at their gas combustion engine car or truck. The mystery was solved since the very first gas combustion engine was built.

Dallas Morning News

The Electric Auto that almost triumphed: Power Source of ‘31 car still a mystery

by A.C. Greene,

January 24th, 1931

It is a mystery car once demonstrated by Nikola Tesla, developer of alternating current, that might have made electrics triumphant.

Supported by the Pierce-Arrow Co. and Westinghouse in 1931, he took the gasoline engine from a new Pierce-Arrow and replaced it with an 80-horsepower alternating-current electric motor with no external power source. From the electric motor trailed two very thick cables, which connected with the dashboard. In addition, there was an ordinary 12-volt storage battery. (”There was a 12-volt Willard battery installed in the car, but it was for the lights only and much too small to run the car. In any case.”) The motor was rated at 80 horsepower. Maximum rotor speed was stated to be 30 turns per second (1800 rpm). A 6-foot vertical antenna rod was fitted into the rear section of the car.

At the appointed time, Nikola Tesla arrived from New York City and inspected the Pierce-Arrow automobile. He then went to a local radio store and purchased a handful of tubes (12 radio vacuum tubes), wires and assorted resistors. A box measuring 24 inches long, 12 inches wide and 6 inches high was assembled housing the circuit. The “power receiver” was then placed into the dashboard of the car and its wires connected to the antenna and to the air-cooled, brushless motor. Two rods 1/4” in diameter stuck out of the box about 3” in length. Tesla began making adjustments on the “power receiver”

Mr. Tesla got into the driver’s seat, pushed the two rods in and stated, “We now have power”. He put the car into gear and it moved forward! This vehicle, powered by an A.C. motor, was driven to speeds of 90 m.p.h. and performed better than any internal combustion engine of its day! One week was spent testing the vehicle. Several newspapers in Buffalo reported this test. When asked where the power came from, Tesla replied, “From the ethers all around us”. Several people suggested that Tesla was mad and somehow in league with sinister forces of the universe. He became incensed, removed his mysterious box from the vehicle and returned to his laboratory in New York City. His secret died with him!

Or did it?

A nephew of Nikola Tesla stated that “under the hood, there was a brushless electric motor, connected to the engine. The engine was said to measure 40” long by 28” diameter. However, some of these figures may be estimates. Tesla would not divulge who made the motor.

Take note that he stated that there were 2 electric motors in the engine compartment. “A brushless electric motor” was “connected to the engine”, a 80 horsepower brushless electric motor. That’s significant because it starts to unravel the mystery as to how Nikola Tesla powered the Pierce Arrow with only one 12 volt Willard battery installed in the car.

“There was a voltmeter which was used to measure output of the receiver. Dr Tesla commented that the receiver had enough reserve power so that you could drive the car next to a house, connect the wiring, and light up the whole house.  …

Tesla’s nephew drove this vehicle without other fuel for an undetermined long interval. Mr. Savo drove a distance of 50 miles through the city and out to the surrounding countryside. The car was tested to speeds of 90 mph, with the speedometer rated to 120.

After a time, and with increasing distance from the city itself, Dr. Tesla felt free enough to speak. Having now become sufficiently impressed with the performance of both his device and the automobile. Dr. Tesla informed his nephew that the device could not only supply the needs of the car forever, but could also supply the needs of a household “with power to spare”.

There is no mention in the Dallas Morning News article or by any witnesses that Nikola Tesla removed the alternator of the Pierce Arrow. It just stated that the gas combustion engine was removed and replaced with an 80 horsepower AC electric motor.

Alternators are used in all gas combustion engine automobiles to charge the battery and to power the electrical system when the engine is running. Even the Ford Model T automobiles from 1919 to 1927 had a 12 volt negative ground Delco style alternator.

It is entirely plausible that Tesla made use of the alternator to continuously recharge the Pierce Arrow’s single 12 volt automotive battery and supply sufficient power to the 80 horsepower AC electric motor.

There’s no mentioning that Tesla removed the Pierce Arrow’s ignition coil either. An ignition coil converts 12 volts to 30-40 kVs using a transitor or in Tesla’s case vacuum tubes.

Ignition coils existed back in the 1930s too. We know there was an ignition coil installed in the Pierce Arrow before it was converted into an electric motor car. The tune-up manual stated that the 1931 Pierce Arrow ignition coil was a Delco-Remy 526-B ignition coil. The Pierce Arrow tune-up manual also stated that it was mounted on the dash. A 12 volt battery wire also enters the dash and is connected to the key ignition.

That’s a significant finding because:

The “power receiver” was then placed into the dashboard of the car and its wires connected to the antenna and to the air-cooled, brushless motor.

An ignition coil (also called a spark coil) is an induction coil in an automobile’s ignition system which transforms the battery’s low voltage to the thousands of volts needed to create an electric spark in the spark plugs to ignite the fuel. It is also entirely plausible that Nikola Tesla used the Pierce Arrow’s ignition coil to transform the antenna and/or the 12 volt car battery’s low voltages to thousands of volts (kVs) needed to power the electric motor.

An AC electric motors requires more than 12 volts of AC current. So all Nikola Tesla needed to do is use the Pierce Arrow’s ignition coil to transform the battery’s 12 volts into the required voltage needed to power the 80 horsepower AC electric motor.

A reasonable person would conclude that the 50 amps 12 volt alternator was used to continuously recharge the Willard 12 volt battery (128 Amp. hour) so that the Delco-Remy ignition coil could simultaneously keep on producing the required voltage needed to power the 80 horsepower AC electric engine. As a result, an electric car owner would never have to stop to charge or recharge an electric vehicle. The electric car would charge or recharge itself while it was driven.

The Dallas Morning News reported that there was a battery in the vehicle but it wasn’t used as the source of power. That’s isn’t entirely true. The battery was involved in powering the vehicle. The vacuum tube is used to make a small AC signal voltage into a larger AC voltage, thus amplifying it. A vacuum tube is a “valve” for electricity. Vacuum tube amplification is using a small amount of electric charge to control a much bigger amount of electricity that travels through the vacuum in a tube. Vacuum tubes require a filament voltage of at least 6.3 volts to produce high AC voltages. In the early days of electronics, vacuum tube (called valves in British contexts) devices were powered by batteries.

Batteries provided the voltages required by vacuum tubes in early radio sets. Three different voltages were generally required, using three different batteries designated as the A, B, and C battery. The “A” battery or LT (low-tension) battery provided the filament voltage.

Therefore, 3 gasoline engine car parts, 1) a 12 volt battery, 2) an alternator and 3) an ignition coil could be repurposed to produce enough energy to power an electric car. Nikola Tesla proved it could be done 92 years ago

Innovative renewable energy technology designed to produce renewable energy with zero CO2 emissions

More than two-thirds of the world’s energy is wasted as heat. Paul W Kincaid’s latest renewable energy technology design was designed to utilize thermal conduction to convert heat into renewable energy. The undeveloped technology (undeveloped due to lack of funding) utilizes the heat from asphalt roofs to produce renewable energy with zero CO2 emissions.

Thermal conduction is the transfer of heat energy from one substance (asphalt shingles) to another (metal sheets or foils) or within a substance. Conduction is a very effective method of heat transfer in metals.

Asphalt roofs are the logical choice for harnessing CO2 free renewable energy. Dark asphalt shingles absorb an enormous amount of solar radiation. Nearly 90% of solar energy that hits our rooftops is absorbed and is then converted to heat. During the day, your roof can reach very high temperatures. For example, a standard asphalt shingle can be as hot as 60 – 75 °C.

This renewable energy technology was designed to be installed quickly and easily. The insulated “thermal conduction panels” were designed to be installed on either an existing roof or a new roof.

Need more energy? Install and connect more thermal conduction panels “in series” under your roof’s asphalt shingles.

This renewable energy technology design is based on a method Nikola Tesla used over 120 years ago to harness radiant energy. In the 1901 granted patent US685958A – Method of utilizing radiant energy Nikola Tesla harnessed radiant energy using a single sheet of highly polished and insulated metal plate.

“The insulated plate or conducting-body should present as large a surface as practicable to the rays or streams of matter, I having ascertained that the amount of energy conveyed to it per unit of time is under otherwise identical conditions proportionate to the area exposed, or nearly so.” …

“My present application is based upon a discovery which I have made that when rays or radiations of the above kind are permitted to fall upon an insulated conducting body connected to one of the terminals of a condenser, while the other terminal of the same is made by independent means to receive or to carry away electricity, a current flows into the condenser so long as the insulated body is exposed to the rays, and under the conditions hereinafter specied an indefinite accumulation of electrical energy in the condenser takes place. This energy after a suitable time interval, during which the rays are allowed to act, may manifest itself in a powerful discharge, which may be utilized for the operation or control of mechanical or elecitrical devices or rendered useful in many other ways.” Nikola Tesla patent US685957A

Reading Nikola Tesla’s Patent US685957A we can clearly see from the information and images filed with the patent that Nikola Tesla used an insulated metal plate to harness energy – energy that is transferred by electromagnetic radiation, such as light, X-rays, gamma rays, and thermal radiation.

What “metal” did Nikola Tesla use in the patent for the insulated metal plate? Copper?

Copper has the highest conductivity of any non-precious metal and one that’s 65% higher than aluminum. Copper has the best electrical conductivity of any metal, except silver. Copper is a good conductor of heat (about 30 times better than stainless steel and 1.5 times better than aluminum). Most metals are pretty good conductors; however, apart from silver, copper is the best. Each copper atom has lost one electron and become a positive ion. So copper is a lattice of positive copper ions with free electrons moving between them. Electrons can move freely through the metal. For this reason, they are known as free electrons. They are also known as conduction electrons, because they help copper to be a good conductor of heat and electricity.

How much energy can be potentially produced by developing renewable energy technology that harnesses energy via thermal conduction?

“At high noon on a cloudless day, the surface of the Earth receives 1,000 watts of solar power per square meter (1 kW/m 2 ).” Caltech US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Science , Washington, DC report under CONVERSION OF SUNLIGHT INTO ELECTRICITY p.15

“the Earth system—land surfaces, oceans, and atmosphere—absorbs an average of about 240 watts of solar power per square meter (one watt is one joule of energy every second)” NASA

Won’t know for sure until the thermal conduction panels are developed and installed on a roof and metered.

In the meantime, one asphalt shingle measures 12″ x 36″. Six thermal conduction panels installed under 6 shingles would therefore give you approximately 1 square meter of thermal conduction surface area. Six thermal panels are needed to make approximately 1 square meter because 1 thermal conduction panel is placed under half of a shingle.

That means 6 panels have the potential to harness from 240 to 1,000 watts of solar power.


The flow of electrons is what creates electrical current. Electrical energy is energy produced by the movement of certain particles. This flow of particles is called electric current. Currents go in one direction at a time.

In order to energize a light bulb or turn on a computer, we need to produce a continuous electric current. To do this, we need an energy source. Common energy sources include the Sun, batteries and generators. An electric current also needs a path along which it can travel. An electric circuit is a pathway through which electric current flows.

Wires and the thermal conduction panel’s elements provide a path through which current can flow. Wires and elements are made from materials that carry, or conduct, electrons more easily than other materials. Materials that conduct electrons easily are called conductors. Copper and aluminum are good conductors. Wires are wrapped with a material called an insulator. This material does not easily carry electrons. Insulators keep the conductors inside a wire from touching each other and interrupting the flow of electrons. Rubber, plastic, and glass are good insulators. The spacing of the thermal conduction panel’s elements keep the conducting elements from touching each other and interrupting the flow of current.